About The Minerals

Serpertine rock 1

What is Serpentine?

  • Serpentine is a type of magnesium hydroxysilicate (Mg3Si2O5(OH)4) mineral.
  • Used to produce magnesia (magnesium oxide) and magnesium (metal).

Serpertine rock

Magnesia is used in the production/process of:

  • Abrasives
  • Animal feed supplement
  • Boiler additives
  • Magnesium-based salts
  • Coatings
  • Construction
  • Electrical
  • Fertilisers
  • Foundries
  • Glass
  • Insulation
  • Lubricants
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Plastics
  • Refractory and ceramics
  • Rubber
  • Steel
  • Sugar refining
  • Sulfite wood pulping
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Titanium production



What is Chromite?

  • A key industrial mineral used in the production of metallic chromium, an alloying ingredient in stainless steel.
  • World consumption of chromite is approximately 22 million tons per year (as at 2008), over 90% of which is consumed as ferrochrome, dedicated to stainless steel production.


Chromite and Chromite-derived chemicals are used in the production/process of:

  • Cleaning laboratory glassware
  • Titrating agent
  • Fabric dyes (as a mordant, i.e., fixing agent).
  • Magnetic tape
  • Well drilling muds (as an anti-corrosive)
  • Medicine (as a dietary supplement or slimming aid)
  • Gasoline additive
  • High-temperature electrical conductor
  • Harden steel, manufacture stainless steel, and form many useful alloys (It is mostly used in plating to produce a hard, beautiful surface and to prevent corrosion)
  • Paint pigments and development dyes
  • Wood preservation
  • Leather tanning